Disease of the urinary and excretory organs may be caused by bacterial, viral, or fungal infections. Some disease and malfunctions of the other organs may be caused by poor health and eating habits.
Kidney Stones usually form when salts solidify out of the newly formed urine and accumulate in the kidneys. The salts are made of calcium salts or uric acid. Some causes of kidney stones are infection, dehydration and excessive salt intake. Kidney stones cause fever, chills, frequent urination, and kidney pain to the victim.
Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) is a common problem of the urinary system. UTI is more common in women than in men. Older men sometimes develop UTI when the prostate gland swells and eventually blocks urination. A person with UTI experiences frequent painful urination which may be accompanied by fever and lower abdominal pains. The urine is often cloudy and has foul odor.
Acne is a skin disorder. It occurs when the oil glands in the skin are affected by bacteria. The oil glands produce oil called sebum, which comes out into the skin surface through the pores. The sebum helps make the skin soft. When the pores are blocked by dirt, an infection builds up inside the oil glands. Acne usually starts when the hormones produced during puberty trigger the oil glands to produce more sebum.
Boils is a skin infection of the hair root or the sweat glands. It is caused by bacteria. It starts as a red, painful lump on the skin. In about three days, it grows bigger and a yellow head forms. Before a boil can heal, it must burst and the pus must be removed from it. Antibiotics are usually used to treat boils.
Burns is damage to the skin that may be caused by heat, cold, radiation, or certain chemicals. Burns are grouped according to the degree of damage to the skin. First-degree burns produce a patch of red on the skin. They heal without forming a scar. Sunburn is an example of a first-degree burn. Second-degree burns are deeper and cause the skin to blister. Third-degree burns damage the skin and the fat or muscle tissues underneath. They leave an open area of the skin. A skin graft is usually needed to prevent serious scarring. Immediate medical help should be given to people especially with large, deep burns.
Scabies is a skin disease caused by tiny mites that burrow under the skin. This causes the skin to break out in a red, pimply rash with a burning itch. Scabies usually infect the hands and the area around the sexual organs. The scabies mite can easily be transferred by touching an infected person. Scabies can be treated by applying lotion that can kill the mites on the infected area.
Athlete’s Foot is a skin infection caused by a fungus. It often occurs between the toes. The skin becomes blistered, sore, and itchy. Bacteria may enter the skin when the blisters break, causing another infection. Athlete’s foot may be treated by applying lotions, ointments, or powders in the infected areas. It can also be prevented by keeping the skin between the toes dry and clean.